When it comes to web development, it truly pays to always have the right tool for the right job. And in this case that tool is the programming language involved. Not all languages are equally good at everything, and back-end and front-end frameworks have altogether different purposes. A good website development company will have a team of developers that are proficient in numerous languages, so that they are ready to tackle any challenges in any kind of projects as they arise.
Top Languages for Web Development in 2022
Here’s a list of the top programming languages website development services are using today. We have segregated them by back-end and front-end languages. All of them are popular, and come with their own pros and cons.
HTML and CSS
While these are technically not programming languages, HTML and CSS are the cornerstone technologies behind the Word Wide Web, and form the backbone of web development today. For best results, they are used in conjunction with some of the core programming languages mentioned here. Every web developer must learn them, and they are relatively easy to master as well. HTML (HyperText Markup Language) creates the structure of the web pages, while CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is used to provide style, in order to make the pages more visually appealing.
The front-end development process involves designing the face and UI of the website. This is important as these are the elements that a user can see and interact with, and has a direct relevance to user experience.
Angular is one of the most popular front-end web application frameworks out there. It has model-view-controller (MVC) architecture and allows easy development of several complex applications. It uses HTML for UI and is based on TypeScript, so it’s easy to understand and learn. It makes use of dynamic HTML and requires minimum coding, and allows you to build projects that have extensive functionalities as well as appealing designs.
The back-end development process involves building the behind-the-scenes workings of a website. This is important as the back-end is where information from the users go to be processed and the desired output generated in its raw format. Thus, it needs to be robust and well-built.
PHP is easily one of the best languages for creating fully functional web applications and data-heavy websites. It is a dynamic, server-side scripting language, and half the websites on the internet use it. WordPress, the most popular website building application software and CMS in the world, has been built using PHP. Given its credibility, it also supports numerous third-party extensions and facilities like MySQL, IIS, and Apache. It can easily be used across all the major operating systems. PHP also has dedicated frameworks such as Laravel, a powerful tool with a model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern that lets you quickly develop web applications.
ASP.NET is an object-oriented web development framework created by Microsoft for coding rich, interactive, and dynamic web pages, services, and intense applications. It is part of the Microsoft .Net platform, and thus runs only on Widows. It has a pure MVC architecture. Codes on ASP.NET can be written in C#, Visual Basic, Jscript, or J#. You will have access to data sources such as SQL, OLE DB, XML, and more. It also comes with an incredibly rich toolbox that helps you create applications very quickly.
To get an idea of what programming language or framework would be a good fit for the project at hand, it is important to ask yourself what your goals and expectations are. Accordingly, the correct language presents itself. A functioning web application consists of both back-end as well as front-end, and if the combination is chosen well the end-product will be an application that is fast, robust and good looking.